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Bipyridine To Enhance the Electrochemical Reduction

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  We report a new strategy to prepare a composite catalyst for highly efficient electrochemical CO2 reduction reaction (CO2 RR). The composite catalyst is made by anchoring Au nanoparticles on Cu nanowires via 4,4'-bipyridine (bipy). The Au-bipy-Cu composite catalyzes the CO2 RR in 0.1 m KHCO3 with a total Faradaic efficiency (FE) reaching 90.6 % at -0.9 V to provide C-products, among which CH3 CHO (25 % FE) dominates the liquid product (HCOO- , CH3 CHO, and CH3 COO- ) distribution (75 %). The enhanced CO2 RR catalysis demonstrated by Au-bipy-Cu originates from its synergistic Au (CO2 to CO) and Cu (CO to C-products) catalysis which is further promoted by bipy. The Au-bipy-Cu composite represents a new catalyst system for effective CO2 RR conversion to C-products.
Keywords: CO2 reduction; electrocatalysis; nanocomposites.

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